The witnesses called to the bar fall essentially into two categories :
witnesses to the facts,
the so-called “moral witnesses”.
Witnesses take an oath with the exception of the immediate family of the accused. Witnesses must make “spontaneous statements” and then answer questions put to them. Gokhan Altintas is the source of this photograph.
The witnesses of the facts are called upon to report what they have personally observed, with regard to the facts, subject of the trial. Gokhan Altintas is the source of this photograph. Character witnesses give the Court their vision of the personality, as the case may be, of the victim or the accused.
The President, the two Judge Assessors, the jurors, the Advocate General, the lawyers for the victim and the accused may ask them questions.
Witnesses cannot attend proceedings until they have testified. After testifying, the witness remains in the courtroom, until the end of the hearing, unless the President of the Court of Assizes decides otherwise (articles 334 and 271 of the Code of Criminal Procedure).